INTRODUCTION

Dementia and Cognitive Care

Dementia and loss of cognitive functioning can be frightening experiences as individuals age. Memories can disappear, daily tasks become more difficult, and patients and caregivers are often feel hopeless about how to handle these difficulties.

Often, the first step is a Neuropsychological Dementia Diagnostic Evaluation.

What is Dementia?

Dementia is an overarching term for difficulty completing daily cognitive activities and decision making. Dementia is not something that comes with normal aging, though age can be a contributing factor along with previous health conditions, family history, and the individual’s history of traumatic brain injuries.

There are several forms of dementia, some of the most common types include:

Alzheimer’s Disease

Caused by a buildup of plaques and tau tangles within the brain, commonly found in the memory centers of the brain.

Lewy Body Dementia

Caused by abnormal protein deposits called Lewy Bodies. Commonly causes increased difficulty with cognitive tasks, movements, and sleep.

Vascular Dementia

Caused by vascular disease or injury to the brain. This can lead to memory loss and cognitive decline.

Frontotemporal Dementia

Caused by atrophy (shrinking) of the frontal and Temporal lobes of the brain which lead to changes in behaviors.

For more information on the types of dementia visit https://www.nia.nih.gov/health/topics/dementia